SCHS Header
Link to Homepage
Link to About Us page
Link to Staff & Board page
Link to Ross Center page
Link to Exhibits page
Link to Events Calendar page
Link to Archives page
Link to Online Store
Link to Membership page
Link to Volunteer page
Link to Contact Us page
Historical photo show 100 years ago header


100 Years Ago


Agriculture
Black History
Canal
Civil War
Downtown
Education
Entertainment
Events
Gold Rush
Immigration
Indians
Industry
Landmarks
Law and Order
Organizations
People
Pioneers
Politics
Sports
Transportation
War
Women

The French & Indian War

Within two years of the Pickawillany attack, the French and Indian War began. The French marshaled their Indian allies, the English organized theirs, and the battles began with the ‘Ohio Valley’ (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois) and the rest of the territory, the prize.  The traders on both sides had needed the help of the Indians to get the furs they wanted, but the British and French had treated the natives differently. The French traded more fairly and did not take land for farming like the British did. Subsequently, when the war began, most of the natives helped the French.

The British General Edward Braddock, with a force of 2,000 men, set out to capture Fort Duquesne (today the site of Pittsburgh), at the forks of the Ohio River. Ten miles from the Fort, he was ambushed by a coalition of Indian tribes, allied to the French. Braddock lost four horses from under him before he succumbed to his wounds. Almost half of his men died on that day. One of the survivors, his aide-de-camp, was a 23 year old major named George Washington.

For almost three years the English seemed to be losing the war as devastating attacks by Indians, including some who had switched sides, took their toll. But then, the fortunes of the English improved; victories came along with the defeat of the French at the Battle of Quebec. The signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763 gave the English all the lands east of the Mississippi River, including Ohio, and all of Canada. The Delaware and Shawnee continued to fight the British through 1764; signing a formal treaty of peace in July 1765.

Although the French and Indian War ended in 1763, that same year saw a bloody battle fought at the old Pickawillany Fort and Indian village site defended by the Miami Indians, their Indian allies and remnants of French resistance against an attack by the Shawnee, including Chief Blackhoof, their Indian and British allies. The besieged fort stood its ground for over a week, before the attackers retreated and left the area after suffering severe losses. Historians cannot agree on whether the battle was the last gasp of the French and Indian War or the beginning of Chief Pontiac’s conspiracy, a two year war of death and destruction against the British military and white settlers. Pontiac’s War ended with a treaty in 1765.

In 1898, the DAR installed a marker to commemorate the ‘last battle of the French and Indian War’ fought at Fort Pickawillany on Hardin Road. After turning from SR 66 north onto Hardin, it is within 1/2 mile, on the left-side, at the junction of Hardin Road and Hardin Alternate Road.

frenchindianwarmarker.gif (83973 bytes)

'Indian' segment written in December, 1997 by David Lodge

 

[ Back to Indians Index ]

Article Footer
SCHS footer Link to Home page Link to About Us Information Link to the Ross Center Information Link to our Events Calendar Information Link to our Archives Information Link to our Online Store / Products Information Link to our Membership Information Link to our Volunteering Information Link to our Contact Information Link to Staff & Board Information Link to our Current & Upcoming Exhibits Information Link to our Donation Information