SCHS Header
Link to Homepage
Link to About Us page
Link to Staff & Board page
Link to Ross Center page
Link to Exhibits page
Link to Events Calendar page
Link to Archives page
Link to Online Store
Link to Membership page
Link to Volunteer page
Link to Contact Us page
Historical photo show 100 years ago header

100 Years Ago

Black History
Civil War
Gold Rush
Law and Order

Daniel Boone

Within a few years, fighting broke out again with the start of the American Revolutionary War. The Ohio Valley Indians wishing to have no part in it; claimed it was a white man’s war. Unfortunately, they were soon drawn into the fray in a violent struggle to hold on to their ancestral lands against the Virginia militiamen who crossed the Ohio River to attack Shawnee villages in an attempt to control the Ohio Valley. The principle Shawnee villages in our area were Tecumseh’s town Old Piqua, near modern day Springfield; Blue Jacket’s town located close to Bellefontaine, Chief Blackhoof’s village at St. John’s east of Wapakoneta, the Shawnee villages of upper Piqua and lower Piqua.

To resist this new encroachment, the tribal chiefs declared war on the Americans and joined together in raids against whites in Kentucky, and laid siege to Boonesborough, Kentucky, a log cabin town founded by Daniel Boone. Boone (pictured at top right) was later captured by the Shawnee and promptly adopted by Black Fish. It is unclear whether Black Fish was aware that the Shawnee on an earlier occasion had killed Boone’s eldest son, James, during a hunting expedition in 1773. His son, Israel, was also killed by Indians.

After three months in captivity, Boone’s escape back to Boonesborough was followed by another siege of the town by Black Fish attempting to retrieve his adopted son. During the war, the British kept the Shawnee and other tribes fully supplied with arms and ammunition. The commander at Fort Detroit, Henry Hamilton, paid a bounty for white scalps.

danielboone.gif (39151 bytes)
Daniel Boone

My son, you are now flesh of our flesh and bone of our bone. By the ceremony performed this day, every drop of your white blood was washed from your veins; you were taken into the Shawnee were adopted into a great family."

Black Fish, Shawnee, recalling 1778 adoption of Daniel Boone into tribe

'Indian' segment written in December, 1997 by David Lodge


[ Back to Indians Index ]

Article Footer
SCHS footer Link to Home page Link to About Us Information Link to the Ross Center Information Link to our Events Calendar Information Link to our Archives Information Link to our Online Store / Products Information Link to our Membership Information Link to our Volunteering Information Link to our Contact Information Link to Staff & Board Information Link to our Current & Upcoming Exhibits Information Link to our Donation Information